Prevailing Concern: Child Trafficking
Cambodian map


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An estimated 570,000 children live in Cambodia without parental care. Overall, Asia has the largest number of orphaned children in the world. Poverty, years of conflict, and migration are large contributing factors as to why children can no longer live with their families.


Human trafficking is the fastest growing criminal industry in the world today, and Cambodia is a major sending, receiving, and transit country for trafficking. In Cambodia 37% of victims of trafficking for sexual exploitation are children. Also, 36% of children in Cambodia are involved in child labor activities.

Cambodian sisters
About Cambodia

570,000 Children live without care.
Of this number...

  • Many children do not have birth certificates (limiting access to healthcare and education)
  • 8% of migrants have a child younger than 15 living separately from them, which feeds widespread abuse
  • 1,000’s suffer violence, exploitation, and trafficking
  • Basic social services are highly dependent on foreign aid, but evidence of corruption has slowed giving
95% practice Theravada Buddhism as their religion.
At least 6,000 children are living with HIV, but the figure is believed to be higher and growing.
1/3 of all new infections are transmitted from mother to child.
47% of trafficked children stated that their mother was the facilitator.
38 out of 1,000 children die before their 5th birthday.
47% of children under the age of 5 suffer from chronic malnutrition. 
82% of the population in rural areas do not have access to improved sanitation.
32% of 15-24 year-olds have not completed primary school.
Cambodia is a constitutional monarchy.
One of the poorest countries in the world.
$1.25 a day is the average pay for an adult. 



Sources: Unicef, Save the Children, SOS Children's Village, InPartnership, PBS, "Research Situation Analysis: Vietnam Country Brief" by Boston University in collaboration with Hanoi School of Public Health, Amnesty International, Irish Medical Times, World Volunteer Web, Village of Hope, CIA:The World Factbook, and Africacheck.org.